• Kato, Shuichi. Form, Style, and Tradition. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1971.

• Koren, Leonard.  Wabi-Sabi for Artists, Designers, Poets, and Philosophers. Berkeley: Stone Bridge Press, 1994.

• Mason, Penelope.  History of Japanese Art. New York: Abrams, 1993.

• Okakura, Kakuzo.  The Book of Tea. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1989.

• Tusda, Noritake.  Handbook of Japanese Art. 1976.  Tokyo: Tuttle, 1978.

• Warner, Langdon.  The Enduring Art of Japan. 1952.  New York: Grove, 1988.


• Bring, Mitchell and Josse Wayembergh.  Japanese Gardens: Design and Meaning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

• Houser, Preston L.  Invitation to Tea Gardens: Kyoto’s Culture Enclosed. Kyoto: Mitsumura Suiko Shoin, 1992.

• Itoh, Teiji.  Space and Illusion in the Japanese Garden. Trans. Ralph Friedrich and Masajiro Shimamura. New York: Weatherhill, 1983.

• Kuck, Loraine.  The World of the Japanese Garden: From Chinese Origins to Modern Landscape Art. 1968. New York & Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1984.

• Nitschke, Gunter.  The Architecture of the Japanese Garden: Right Angle and Natural Form. Koln: Benedikt Taschen, 1991.

Sakuteiki: The Book of Gardening. Trans. Shigemaru Shimoyama.  Tokyo: Town and Panners, 1976.

• Slawson, David A.  Secret Teachings in the Art of Japanese Gardens. 1987.  Tokyo: Kodansha, 1991.

• Wright, Tom.  Zen Gardens: Kyoto’s Nature Enclosed. Kyoto: Mitsumura Suiko Shoin, 1990.


• Aston, W. G.  Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A. D. 697. Tokyo:Tuttle, 1972.

• Carter, Jon and Alan Covell. Japan’s Hidden History: Korean Impact on Japanese Culture. Seoul: Hollym, 1984.

• Sansom, George.  A History of Japan to 1334. Stanford, Stanford UP, 1958.

• Sansom, George.  A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford, Stanford UP, 1958.

Sources of Japanese Tradition. Vol. 1. 1958.  Comp. Ryusaku Tsunoda, Wm. Theodore De Bary, and Donald Keene.  New York: Columiba UP, 1965.

• Varley, Paul H.  Japanese Culture: A Short History. Tokyo: Tuttle, 1973.


• Durston, Dianne. Kyoto:Seven Paths to the Heart of the City. Kyoto: Mitsumura Suiko Shoin, 1987.

• Mosher, Gouverneur. Kyoto: A Contemplative Guide.  1964.  Tokyo: Tuttle, 1993.

• Richie, Donald and Alexandre Georges.  The Temples of Kyoto.  Tokyo: Tuttle, 1995.

• Rimmer, J. Thomas and Jonathan Chaves, Stephen Addiss, and Hiroyuki Suzuki.  Shisendo: Hall of the Poetry Immortals. Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1991.

• Stewart, Harold.  By the Old Walls of Kyoto: A Year’s Cycle of Landscape Poems with Prose Commentaries. Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1981.

• Treib, Marc and Ron Herman.  A Guide to the Gardens of Kyoto. 1980.  Tokyo: Shufunotomo, 1985.

• Usui, Shiro.  A Pilgrims Guide to Forty-Six Temples. Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1990.


Anthology of Japanese Literature to the Nineteenth Century. Comp. Donald Keene.  London: Penguin, 1968.

• Arntzen, Sonja.  Ikkyu and The Crazy Cloud Anthology. Tokyo: U of Tokyo P, 1986.

• Blyth, R. H.  Haiku.  Four Volumes.  1949.  Tokyo: Hokuseido, 1981.

• Blyth, R. H. A History of Haiku.  Two Volumes.  1963.  South San Francisco: Hokuseido, 1980.

• Blyth, R. H. Zen and Zen Classics. Vol. 4. Mumonkan.  1966.  South San Francisco: Hokuseido Press, 1978.

Cold Mountain: 100 Poems by the T’ang Poet Han-shan. Trans. Burton Watson.  New York: Columbia UP, 1970.

Cold Mountain Poems: Twenty-Four Poems by Han-shan. Trans. Gary Snyder.  1956. Portland: Press-22, 1972.

Collected Songs of Cold Mountain. Trans. Red Pine.  Port Townsend: Copper Canyon, 1983.

• Hisamatsu, Senichi.  The Vocabulary of Japanese Literary Aesthetics. Tokyo: Centre for East Asian Cutural Studies, 1963.

Japanese Tales.  Trans. and Ed. Royall Tyler.  New York: Pantheon, 1987.

Mirror for the Moon: A Selection of Poems by Saigyo (1118-1190). Trans. William LaFleur.  New York: New Directions, 1978.

Manyoshu. Vol. One. Trans. Ian Hideo Levy.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1981.

• Mishima, Yukio.  Temple of the Golden Pavilion. 1959.  Tokyo: Tuttle, 1985.

• Mishima, Yukio.  The Sea of Fertility. London: Penguin, 1976.

• Murasaki Shikibu.  The Tale of Genji. 1976.  Trans. Edward G. Seidensticker.  London: Secker and Warburg, 1985.

Song in the Dream of the Hermit: Selections from the Kanginshu.  Trans. Yasuhiko Moriguchi and David Jenkins.  Seattle: Broken Moon Press, 1994.

Tale of Genji. Trans. Edward G. Seidensticker.  Tokyo: Tuttle, 1976.

• Tanizaki, Junichiro.  Seven Japanese Tales. 1963.  Trans. Howard Hibbett.  New York: Knopf, 1981

• Tyler, Royall.  Japanese Tales. New York: Pantheon, 1987.

•Watson, Burton.  The Rainbow World. Seattle: Broken Moon Press, 1990.

Zen Buddhism:

• Blyth, R. H. Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. Four, Mumonkan. 1966.  Tokyo: Hokuseido, 1978.

Book of Serenity: One Hundred Zen Dialogues.  Trans. Thomas Cleary.  Hudson: Lindisfarne,1990.

• Collcutt, Martin.  Five Mountains: The Rinzai Zen Monastic Institution in Medieval Japan. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1981.

Cultivating the Empty Field: The Silent Illumination of Zen Master Hongzhi. Trans. Taigen Daniel Leighton.  San Francisco: Northpoint 1991.

Dogen’s Pure Standards for the Zen Community: A Translation of Eidhei Shingi.  Trans. Taigen Daniel Leighton and Shohaku Okumura.  Albany: State University of New York Press,1996.

Flowing Traces: Buddhism in the Literary and Visual Arts of Japan. Ed James H Sanford, et al.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1992.

The Gateless Barrier: The Wu-Men Kuan (Mumonkan).  Trans. Robert Aitken.  San Francisco, North  Point, 1990.

Master Yumen: From the Record of the Chan Master “Gate of the Clouds”. Trans. Urs App.  New York: Kodansha, 1994.

Moon in a Dewdrop: Writing of Zen Master Dogen. Ed. Kazuaki Tanahashi.  San Francisco: Northpoint, 1985.

Mud and Water: A Collection of Talks by the Zen Master Bassui. Trans. Arthur Braverman. San Francisco: Northpoint, 1989.

Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch. Trans. Philip B. Yampolsky.  New York: Columbia UP, 1967.

• Sasaki, Ruth F.  The Record of Lin-Chi. Kyoto: Institute for Zen Studies, 1975.

Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma. Trans. Leon Hurvitz.  New York: Columbia UP, 1976.

• Suzuki, D. T.  Essays in Zen Buddhism (First Series). 1953.  London: Ryder, 1950.

• Suzuki, D. T  Essays in Zen Buddhism (Second Series). 1953.   London: Rider, 1980.

• Suzuki, D. T  Essays in Zen Buddhism (Third Series). 1953.   London: Rider, 1977.

• Suzuki, D. T  Manual of Zen Buddhism. New York: Grove, 1978.

• Suzuki, D. T  Zen and Japanese Culture. Tokyo: Tuttle, 1959.

• Suzuki, D. T  The Training of the Zen Buddhist Monk. Berkeley: Wingbow, 1974.

• Suzuki, D. T  Zen and Japanese Culture. Tokyo: Tuttle, 1959.

• Suzuki, Shunryu. Zen Mind, Beginner’s Mind: Informal Talks on Ze Meditation and Practice. 1970.  New York: Weatherhill, 1975.

• Tanahashi, Kazuaki.  Penetrating Laughter: Hakuin’s Zen & Art. New York: Overlook Press, 1984.

• Uchiyama, Kosho.  Opening the Hand of Thought: Approach to Zen. Trans. Shohaku Okumura and Tom Wright.  London: Penguin/Arkana, 1993.

Unborn: The Life and Teaching of Zen Master Bankei. Trans. Norman Waddell.  San Francisco: Northpoint, 1984.

• Yamada, Mumon. How to Practice Zazen. Trans. Eshin Nishimura.  Kyoto: Institute for Zen Studies, nd.

• Yampolsky, Philip B.  The Zen Master Hakuin. New York: Columbia UP, 1971.

Zen Dawn: Early Zen Texts from Tun Huang. Trans. J. C. Cleary.  Boston: Shambhala, 1986.

Zen Forest: Saying of the Masters. Trans. Soiku Shigematsu.  New York: Weatherhill, 1981.

Zen Teaching of Bodhidharma. Trans. Red Pine.  San Francisco: Northpoint, 1989.

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